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Flying circus of physics

Index L - Q

Wednesday, December 03, 2008

Index L-Q

Extended Index

The Flying Circus of Physics,

second edition


red number --- takes you to an archived story here at this web site,
complete with video links and journal citations. Once there, scroll
down or use Ctrl-F to search. 
   

blue number--- takes you to a PDF file of support material (video
links and journal citations) for the stories published in the book.
Once there, scroll down or use Ctrl-F to search. 
    (Project begun but not completed.)

Index A-C
Index D-K
Index R-S
Index T-Z


L

Labyrinths, mirror, 6.66, 6.66

Lady of Shallot, 6.75
Lake
       freezing, 4.23
       Nyos, carbon dioxide eruption, 2.55
       oxbow, 2.26
       Peigneur, sudden draining in a large vortex, 2.23

LaMothe, Henri, diving, 1.49

Lancaster bomber, 1.94
Landing on water, 1.218
Landslides, 2.115

Langmuir circulations, 2.111, 2.137

Laser scanning, 6.164
Lassos, 1.84

Laundry brightener, 6.137, 6.159
Laundry, drying of hanging, 4.55
Lava lamps, 4.102
Lead, molten, 4.6, 4.6, 4.7
Leaves, 2.10, 2.11
Le pastis, 6.113

Leaning tower in Pisa, 1.67, 1.67

Leaves, colors of aspen, 6.121

Lee, Bruce, 1.45
Leger, Fernand, art, 7.54
Lego blocks, 1.66

Leidenfrost effect, 4.6 - 4.8, 4.6, 5.30

Length contraction, relativistic, 1.162
Leverage Russian style, 1.261
Levitation
      magic trick, 1.210
      magnetic, 5.48

Lewis and Clark, 3.57

Lichtenberg figures, 5.2, 5.18

Licking cold pipes, 4.26, 4.26

Lifting bottle, pub trick, 1.57
Lightning

        animals, 5.2

        ball and bead, 5.5
        cause, 5.1
        cell phone, 5.2
        explosion, mine, 5.4
        ipods, 5.2
        lodestones, 5.38

        people, 5.2

        rods, 5.7
        sprites, 5.6, 5.6
        strike to car, 5.3, 5.3
        trees, 5.4

        vehicles, 5.3
Line across distant rain, 6.147

Line across water, 2.148

Linothorax body armor, 1.130
Liquefaction, 2.103, 2.175
Liquid bridges, 2.86, 2.112

Liquid marbles, 2.94

Liquid mountaineering, 2.169
Liquid nitrogen, use of, 4.6, 4.6, 4.31

Liquid origami, 2.170
Liquid rope coils, 2.62

Little Prince, 1.157

Lizards, rain harvesting, 2.82

Lizards, walking on water, 2.42

Lodestones, 5.38

Lone Ranger theme music, 3.86
Long jump, 1.38, 1.38

Longitudinal dunes, 2.111

Lottery cheating, 2.162
Lotus effect, 2.93

Lowell, Percival, 7.4

Lunar eclipse, 6.26

Lung squeeze, 2.53

M

Macarney, Scott, 2.7
Mach bands, 7.25

Maddison, Robbie, jump, 1.81
Magic tricks,
        see Pub physics (below)
        coin
               disappearing, 6.89
               passing through small opening, 1.246
        Criss Angel
               floating, 1.210
               walking on water, 6.89
         impossible stairway at RIT, 1.258
         Penn and Teller, road kill, 1.203
         toothpick trick, 1.251
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), 5.40

Magnetic surprise, 5.58
Magnus effect, 2.14-2.17

Mandrill monkey, colors, 6.115

Manet, Edouard, 6.75, 6.75
Manhole explosion, 4.109
Map of physics, 1.250
Maps in clouds, 6.20

Marangoni effect, 2.88

Mars
         dust devils, 2.39, 2.39
         razorbacks, 5.53
Mass dampers, building oscillations, 1.133, 1.133
Matchstick bar trick, 5.8
Maxwell’s spot, 7.45

Maze, mirror, 6.66, 6.66

Mayan pyramid echo, 3.65, 3.65
McCartney, Paul, 3.86
Meandering rivers, 2.26, 2.26

Meandering thin streams, 2.149

Meat colors, 4.45, 6.135

Melon, catching with face, 2.169
Men in Black, upside down racing, 2.1
Meridian line in Paris church, optics, 6.23
Meringue insulation, 4.98
Meringue pies, 5.36

Mermaids and mermen, 6.30

Merry-go-round, 1.19

Meteor strike, 1.37, 1.37

Methane explosion, 5.4
Microwave oven, heating in, 4.48, 4.48
Middle Eastern coffee, 2.91
Milk, optical properties, 6.61, 6.111, 6.124
Miller Lite vortex bottle, 2.168
Mines
         abandoned, 4.96
        explosion, 5.4     

Miniature golf, 1.75

Minnaert, Marcel, 6.50
Mirage, 6.28 – 6.30, 6.28
Mirror
       air-traffic controllers, 6.63
        Archimedes's death ray, 6.81
        Arthur C. Clark football story, 6.82
        blind spot, vehicle, 6.74
        kaleidoscope, 6.65
        labyrinth, 6.666.66
        laser shoot game, 6.67
        Manet's A Bar at the Folies-Bergere, 6.756.75
        maze, 6.66, 6.66
        multiple mirrors, 6.64, 6.68, 6.756.75
        one-way, 6.72
        Pepper's ghost illusion, 6.62 
       rear-view, 6.73
        reflection inversin, 6.60
        side-view, 6.74, 6.74   
        space, to shine on ground, 6.82
        stage mirror orientation, 6.61
        vehicle blind spot, 6.74, 6.74
        Waterhouse's I Am Half Sick of Shadows, 6.75
         wooden, 6.165

Missing fundamental effect, 3.29
Mist, champagne and soda, 4.24
MIT, 4.94, 4.99,  6.23, 6.23
MJS, 1.39

Mobile phones,
         heating, 4.101
         inside guitar, 3.94
Mohole, 1.141
Mohorovicic, A., 1.141
Moire patterns, 7.12
Molenaar, D., honey, yogurt, 2.159
Molten lead, 4.6, 4.6
Mona Lisa’s smile, 7.31

Monet, Claude, 7.10

Moon
        color, 6.26, 6.50, 6.507.53
        face, 1.186

        illusion, 7.1
        madness, 1.139
        opposition brightening, 6.44
        seeing dark part, 6.43, 6.43

Moonbow, 6.2
Moose-car collisions, 1.215
Morning glory climbing, 1.206
Morpho butterfly colors, 6.115

Moth eyes, 6.117, 6.117
Motion illusion, 7.13, 7.13
Motorcycles, 1.80-1.81, 1.81
Motorcycle Ball of Death, 1.211
Mount St. Helens, sound waves, 3.18

Mountain colors, 6.6

Mountaineering, 2.169
Mountain shadows, 6.36

Movies and television shows,
       Christmas Story, 4.26
       Dune, 1.224
       Goldfinger (James Bond), 2.158
       Groucho walking, 1.259
       Indiana Jones, 1.208
       Knight Rider truck stunt, 1.226
       Men in Black, 2.1
       Powers of Ten, 6.163
       The Birds, 2.166
       The Italian Job (original), 1.216
       Yellow Submarine, 7.22
Mpemba effect, 4.12
MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), 5.40, 5.40

Mud cracks, 4.68

Munch, Edvard, 6.8, 6.61

Muons, 7.46
Murmuring brooks, 3.45

Museum glass, 6.88
Music
      aeolian tones, 3.2
      Blue Man Group, 3.9
      Blue Moon, 6.50
      bottle resonance, 3.41, 3.41
      Chladni singing, 2.141
      crude noise music, 3.92
      digeridoo, 3.37
      echoes, 3.65, 3.65
      fruit instruments, 3.91
      harmonic kiss, 3.4
      Hendrix, 5.44, 5.45
      Lone Ranger theme, road noise, 3.86
      retinal detachment, heavy metal, 1.11
      road noise music, 3.88
      Rogers and Hart, 6.50
      rude noise music, 3.92
      singing bowls, 2.74
      soprano singing, 3.4
      telephone wire swinging, 3.2, 3.2
      vegetable instruments, 3.91
      whistling, 3.3
      wine glass, 3.44, 3.44
Mushroom catapulting, 2.99

Mushroom clouds, 4.76

N

Nacre, optics, 6.116

Nacreous clouds, 6.144

Nails, bed of, 1.56, 1.56
Negative lift, 2.1

Negative afterimage, 7.15
Negative pressure, 2.136

Negative strike, lightning, 5.4
Neon spreading, 7.13

Nestea grain behavior, 2.106

Neutron decay, 6.161
Newgrange megalithic mound, 3.66, 6.23, 6.23

Newton's first law of motion, 1.253
Niagara
Falls, falling over, 1.195

Night brightness, 6.148

Noctilucent clouds, 6.59

Noise enhancing sound, 3.31

Noise, rude, 3.93
Noise-induced hearing loss, 3.30

Noisy neighbors, 3.68

Non-Newtonian fluids, 2.58, 2.58

Nose blocking the view, 7.21
Nude in shower optics, 6.88

O

Oasis mirage, 6.28, 6.28
Ocean 
     Bay of Fundy tide, 2.34
     beach, 
          cusps, 2.72
          sand, 2.102
     bow riding by porpoises and dolphins, 2.70, 2.70
     brightness, 6.140
     colors, 6.38
     dead water, 2.35, 2.35
     deep diving ascents, 2.52
     glitter, 6.37, 6.39, 6.140
     iceberg, green, 6.53
     straits, Gibraltar, Messina, Sicily, 2.146 
     submarine, escape from, 2.54
     surfing, 2.69
     tides, 2.33, 2.34
     wakes, ducks and ships, 2.63
     waves,
          diffraction, 2.66, 2.165
          generation, 2.63
          rogue, 2.64, 2.64
     whales and bubble nets, 2.79     
Oil paintings, depth in, 7.14
Oil fire, 4.80, 4.80
Oil
slicks, colors, 6.114

Oil stains on road, 2.151

Oil, calming waves, 2.73, 2.73

Oil, patterns in heated, 2.90

Olive in martini, 2.25

Ommatidia, 6.117
One-inch punch, 1.45
One-wheel vehicle, 1.219
One-way mirrors, 6.72

Op art, 7.13, 7.13

Opals, 6.95, 6.95

Opal-like coloring of beetle, 6.95
Opposition brightening, 6.44

Optically variable graphics, 6.109

Orchard spraying, freeze prevention, 4.15

Orchestra pit acoustics, 3.61

Origami, liquid, 2.170
Ornament reflections, 6.68, 7.28

Oscillating of head, 1.133

Oscillating pole,  1.118, 1.196
Ostwald ripening, 2.77, 4.70

Otoacoustic emissions, 3.28

Ouzo effect, optics, 6.113

Overtone singing, 3.6

Oxbow lake, 2.26

P

Packing hard solids, 1.237, 2.139
Paint brushes, 2.95

Pan, colors on cooking, 6.114

Panic escape, 2.105

Paper ball, 1.145, 1.145

Paper clip linking, 1.252
Parachuting, 1.50, 1.55, 1.158

Parchment paper effect, 2.170
Paris church, meridian line, optics, 6.23
Patterned ground via freezing, 4.29

Patterns in melting snow, 4.39

Peachy skin, 6.133

Pearls, optics, 6.116

Pedestrian flow, 2.105,
Pedestrian throw, 1.215 

Peeling tape glow, 5.17, 5.17
Pencil, 1.69, 1.70, 6.99

Pendulum,
        bell that would not ring, 1.121
        building sway, 1.133
        carnival bottle swing, 1.177
        carrying loads
                 on the head, 1.117
                 with oscillating poles, 1.118
        coupled pendulums, 1.119
        incense swing, 1.114, 1.114 
        inverted pendulum, 1.116
        Poe's pendulum in the pit, 1.115
        pumping playground swing, 1.113
        spring pendulum, 1.120
        swinging watches, 1.180
        unicycle rider, 1.116
        Wilberforce pendulum, 1.150
Penguins
        huddling, 4.4
       
leaping, 1.197
        vision, 7.18
        voices, 3.15
Pepper’s ghost, 6.62

Percolators, 4.51

Permafrost, sounds in, 3.79
Perpetual motion, Boyle's, 2.195
Pervious concrete, 2.184
Petals, color saturation, 6.120

Petro station fire, 5.9, 5.9
Phantom accidents, 1.3

Phonograph record, optics, 6.107

Phosphenes, 7.7

Photonic crystal, 6.95

Physics death roll, 1.209
Picture becoming crooked, 1.147, 1.147

Pine needle sounds, 3.2

Pingos, 4.27

Pinhole cameras, 6.102

Pinhole images of Sun, 6.103, 6.103

Pinhole reading, 7.33

Pinning, 2.84, 291, 2.91

Pinspeck cameras, 6.102

Pipes, bursting by ice, 4.25

Pisa, leaning tower of, 1.67, 1.67
Pit stop, 5.9

Pizzas

        cooking, 4.47

        eating hot, 4.42

        tossing, 1.222
Plants
        aspen tree colors, 6.121
        heat producing, 4.57
        iridescent, 6.118
        oscillating, 1.132
        tumble weed attack, 2.186
        twining, 1.206
Plastic stretching, 1.142
Plastic strips, flying, 5.59
Plastic surgery apron and bacteria, 5.8

Plastic wrap, electrical effects, 5.34

Platoons, traffic, 1.2

Platypus, 5.56
Ploughing boulders, 4.30

Plumbing rumbling, 3.47

Pointillism, 7.11

Poisson spot, 6.151, 6.151

Polar-bear hairs, 4.58
Polarization 
      ant navigation, 6.128, 6.128, 7.38 
      building reflections, 6.126
      Haidinger's brush, 7.39
      human detection of, 7.39
      insect detection of, 6.126, 7.38
      print ink, 6.160
      skylight, 6.127, 6.128, 6.128
Polarizing sunglasses, 6.126, 6.126

Polar route, radiation during, 7.46
Pole vaulting, 1.26

Pollination, electrical effects, 5.32

Ponytail, 1.245
Pool shots, 1.74

Pop can stability, 1.149

Popcorn, 4.48, 4.49
Popcorn, cell phone heating, 4.101
Popped rice, 4.49
Porpoise, bow-riding, 2.70, 2.70

Positive afterimage, 7.15
Positive strike, lightning, 5.4
Posphor gun sights, 6.161
Potassium-40, isotope, 4.101
Potato stickers, 4.64

Pottery, water cooling by, 4.61

Pouring 
       art, 2.188
       beer boot, 2.120
       Boyle's perpetual motion device, 2.195
       fast, airline pouring, 2.194
       Guinness, 2.76, 2.76
       glug-glug, 2.120, 2.120
       gushing, 2.76, 2.76
       liquid stream bouncing, 2.60, 2.60
       rainbow, alcoholic layers, 2.187
       ribboning, 2.62
       smooth, 2.75
       tea, standing on rotating platform, 1.242
       water onto car, 2.191
       yard of ale, 2.120, 2.120
Powder patterns, 2.141

Powders
        electrical effects, 5.11, 5.11, 5.12, 5.18, 5.29 
        explosions, 5.11, 5.11
        lack of color, 6.130
        oscillating, 2.108
        razorbacks, Martian, 5.53
P
ower outage, solar effects, 5.47

"Powers of Ten" --- the video, 6.163
Prairie dog, 2.22

Precariously balanced rocks, 1.125

Precession, 1.104

Pressure regulator, 1.171

Pressure within airplanes, 4.69

Pressure, negative, 2.136

Projecticles, lucky, 1.228
Prommel, sword, 1.198
Pub physics
   Stories here at the web site:
      1000 drops from an empty bottle, 2.167
      Balancing a coin on a folded paper edge, 1.91
      Balancing a hammer and a lorry, 1.217
      Balancing bottle on knives, 1.239
      Beer spots in bottle caps, 2.190
      Beer cooling, 4.61
      Blowing out a candle, 2.50
      Bottle cap, beer spots, 2.190
      Bottle cap into bottle, 2.180      
      Brazil-nut effect, 2.108
      Burnt wood match, 4.105
      Business card hole, 1.251
      Can stuck to hand, 2.120
      Champagne cork as a morter round, 1.225
      Champagne, raisin 2.177
      Coin balancing, 1.239
      Coin through small opening, 1.246
      Collecting grains of black pepper, 2.150
      Cooling beer, 4.61
      Egg tricks, 2.176, 1.138
      Egg spin, 1.107, 1.107
      Electric dipole, 5.57
      Escaping from a cellophane pocket, 2.162
      Evaporating wine, 2.193  
      Evaporative cooling, 4.61
      Exchanging water and whiskey, 2.120
      Fast pouring, 2.194
      Hand twist rod inversion, 1.256
      Hanging a bottle on the wall, 1.221
      Hanging bottle caps on your face, 1.57
      Hanging spoons from  the nose, 1.57
      Height versus circumference, 1.248
      Hole in hand, 7.55
      How water can hide a coin, 6.84
      Inflating a long bag, 2.174
      Inverted can of Red Bull, 2.120
      Inverted glass, wine rising into, 4.108  
      Lifting a bottle wiht thumb and one finger, 1.57
      Lifting rice with a rod, 2.125
      Lifting shot glass with palm, 4.104 
      Lighting a candle, 4.78     
      Making a coin rattle, 4.103      
      Making a ketchup packet float and dive, 2.172
      Making straw paper strech and crawl, 2.171     
      Matchstick rocket, 1.168
      Moving match sticks on a glass rim, 3.43
      Oil blobs in water, 2.178
      Opening a bottle without a bottle opener, 1.262
      Paper clip linking, 1.252
      Pencil through plastic water bag, 2.179      
      Pins in water, 2.192
      Plastic straw, popping, 3.93
      Pouring a rainbow, 2.187
      Rainbow, pouring, 2.187
      Raisin, chapagne, 2.177
      Removing a bill from between balanced bottles, 1.164
      Removing a coin from under a mug, 1.230
      Removing a lighter from under a bottle, 1.164
      Removing the cork from a wine bottle, 1.213
      Reversing an egg in a tequila glass, 2.50
      Rotating a matchstick balanced within a glass container, 5.8
      Separating two pub glasses, 2.183     
      Shoe used to open wine bottle, 2.196
      Shot glass pick up with palm, 4.110
      Slam-freezing a beer or soda, 4.24
      Standing eggs on end, 1.138
      Straw picking up a glass, 1.234 
      Straw, sucking through a long, 2.41
      Styrofoam cups, 5.8
      Tia Maria wormy action, 2.89
      Toothpick, one passing through another, 1.251
      Toothpick design with water, 2.170
      Transferring a steel ball between beer mats, 1.232 
      Tying a ring hitch, 1.223
      Using glug-glug to clear beer foam, 2.120
      Vortex beer bottle, 2.168
      Water and the disappearing cigarette, 1.57
      Water stream deflection, 5.57
      Wine, evaporating, 2.193
      Yard of ale and beer boot, 2.120
   References and links for book stories  
       1.110, 1.122, 1.138, 1.149

Pulfrich illusion, 7.23

Pumpkins, optics of, 6.157
Pupil diameter, 7.28, 7.28
Purkinje’s blue arcs, 7.44

Purple light, twilight, 6.145

Purring

        animals, 3.8

        stroboscopic effect, 7.8

Putting in golf, 1.36, 3.83
Putt-putt boats, 4.52, 4.52
Putt-putt golf, 1.75
Puzzle
        mirror maze, 6.66, 6.66
        water and block, 2.164
Pyke, Geoffrey, 2.160
Pykrete, 2.160
Pyramid, Egyptian, 1.64

Q

Quicksand, 2.102, 2.104

Quiet zones near explosions,  3.18
Quarks, 6.161

Index A-C
Index D-K
Index R-S
Index T-Z

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