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Flying circus of physics

Index P - Q

Thursday, December 04, 2008


 

Index P-Q

Extended Index

The Flying Circus of Physics,

second edition


red number --- takes you to an archived story here at this web site,
complete with video links and journal citations. Once there, scroll
down or use Ctrl-F to search. 
   

blue number--- takes you to a PDF file of support material (video
links and journal citations) for the stories published in the book.
Once there, scroll down or use Ctrl-F to search. 

P

Packing
      clown car, 1.237
      M&M candies, 2.139
Paint
      art, glaze and appearance of depth, 7.14
      brushes, pulling up paint, 2.95
      color-shifting inks and paints, 6.119, 6.119
      wall, glossy and nonglossy, 6.131

Pan, colors on cooking, 6.114

Panic escape, 2.105

Paper, wadding and folding limits, 1.145, 1.145
       video of me, The Daily Planet show
Paper clip linking, pub trick, 1.252
Parachuting
       landing safely, 1.55
       midair rescue, 1.50
       pumpkin gets loose, 1.158
Parchment paper effect, 2.170
Paris church, sunbeam illuminating meridian line, 6.23
Party physics
       Also see Pub physics (below)
       closet, physics to do in a
              light flashes from wintergreen mints, 5.19, 5.19
              light from peeled adhesive tape, 5.17
              reading in the dark, 7.157.15
              trailing ghost light, 7.16
       cocktail-party effect, 3.27
       folding and wadding paper, limits, 1.145, 1.145
              video of me, The Daily Planet show
       hanging spoons and bottle caps on your face, 1.57, 1.57
              video of me, Cleveland State University      
       hot chocolate effect, frequency shifting in cup acoustics, 3.40
              video of me, Cleveland State University
       human domino chain reaction, 1.68
       spaghetti breaking into three or more pieces, 1.220
       wineglasses
              shattering with voice, 3.44, 3.44
              singing, 3.43
Patterns
       Arctic ice polygons, 4.28
       beach cusps, 2.72
       beading, saliva and spider threads, 2.81
       birds in vee formation, 2.18, 2.18
       circular pattern around sink's water stream, 2.29
       Chladni figures of sand on vibrating plate, 2.141, 2.141
       cloud streets, 2.138
       coffee stain rings, 2.91, 2.91
       coffee surface, 2.90
       corn-starch slurry, polygon fracture patterns during drying, 1.143, 1.143
       edge waves, 2.71
       finely grooved reflectors, 6.108
       forest-fire strips, 2.138
       frost flowers on window, 4.111
       Giant's Causeway, polygonal fracturing, 1.143, 1.143
       moire, silk on silk, fence behind fence, 7.12
       mud cracks, 4.68
       oil, pattern in heated, 2.90
       olive oil on talc-covered water, 2.153
       passport optical display (not a hologram), 6.109
       ring vortex, 2.40, 2.40
       rock patterns (circles, lines) in repeatedly frozen ground, 4.29
       sand piles, self organization, 2.106
       salt fingers, 2.135
       snow, melting, 4.39
       solid ball diffraction pattern, 6.151, 6.151
       tea
             leaves in stirred tea, 2.25
             roll pattern, 2.90
             secondary flow, 2.25
       Tia Maria, wormy patterns, 2.89, 2.89
       vinyl record reflections, 6.107
       wakes of ducks and ships, 2.68
       water drop into thin glycerin layer, 2.152
       windrows on water (long horizontal vortexes), 2.137
       wine evaporation, 2.193
       wine, tears of strong, 2.88
Peachy skin, optical properties of, 6.133

Pearls, optics, 6.116

Pedestrian flow, 2.105
Pedestrian throw, 1.215 

Peeling tape glow, 5.17, 5.17
Pencil
       falling over, motion of tip over table top, 1.69,
      
point breaking, more likely with sharp point, 1.70
       
shadow when inserted in water, 6.99

Pendulum,
        bell that would not ring, 1.121
        building sway, 1.133
        carnival bottle swing, 1.177
        carrying loads
                 on the head, 1.117
                 with oscillating poles, 1.118
        chain collisions in adjacent pendulums (Newton's cradle), 1.42
        coupled pendulums, 1.119
        incense swing, 1.114, 1.114 
        inverted pendulum, 1.116
        Poe's pendulum in the pit, 1.115
        pumping playground swing, 1.113
        spring pendulum, 1.120
        suspended pocket watch begins to swing, 1.180
        unicycle rider, 1.116
        Wilberforce pendulum, 1.150
Penguins
        huddling, 4.4
       
projectiles through ice holes, 1.197
        vision, 7.18
        voices (beat frequencies), 3.15
Pepper’s ghost, stage illusion, 6.62

Percolators, 4.51

Permafrost, sounds in, 3.79
Perpetual motion, Boyle's, 2.195
Pervious concrete, 2.184
Petals, color saturation in flowers, 6.120

Petro station fire, 5.9, 5.9
Phantom accidents, lingering traffic flow complications, 1.3
Phonograph record, reflection patterns, 6.107
Phosphenes, induced visual patterns, 7.7

Photonic crystal, 6.95

Physics death roll, alligator and crocodile, 1.209
Picture becoming crooked, 1.147, 1.147

Pillar of light below Sun and Moon, 6.35
Pine needle sounds, 3.2

Pingos in permafrost, 4.27

Pinhole
        cameras, 6.102

        images of Sun, 6.103, 6.103
        pupil of eye acting as pinhole in diffraction effects, 6.104

        reading through pinholes improves visibility, 7.33, 7.33

        rifle sights, 7.33
        selfies, 7.33
Pinning of liquid films
        coffee stains, 2.91, 2.91
        liquid spreading downward on wall, 2.84
Pinspeck cameras, 6.102

Pipes
         bursting by internal ice, 4.25

         licking cold pipes, 4.26, 4.26
Pisa, leaning tower of, 1.67, 1.67
Pit stop, 5.9, 5.9
Pizzas
        cooking, 4.47
        eating hot, 4.42 
        tossing, 1.222
Plants
        aspen tree colors, 6.121
        corn, sound of growing, 3.75
        fungi, catapulting, 2.99
        greenhouse warmth, 4.84, 4.84
        heat producing, snow melting, 4.57
        helicopter seeds, 2.11, 2.11
        iridescent, 6.118
        leaves, 2.10, 2.11
        oscillating, 1.132

        tumbleweed attack, 2.186
        twining, 1.207
        watering in sunlight, light focusing and burning, 6.92
Plastic bag stretching, 1.142
Plastic strips, flying, 5.59
Plastic surgery apron and bacteria, 5.8

Plastic wrap, electrical effects, 5.34

Platoons, traffic, 1.2

Platypus, electric-field hunting, 5.56
Playground,
         merry-go-round, 1.19
         slide, electrostatics, 5.8, 5.8
         swings, 1.113
Ploughing boulders, 4.30

Plumbing rumbling, 3.47

Plumb line, pull by Himalayas, 1.192
Plumes
      chimneys, 4.75
      insects, 4.93
      shrimp, 4.93
Pointillism, 7.11

Poisson spot in shadow of solid object, 6.151, 6.151

Polar-bear hairs, 4.58
Polarization 
      ant navigation, 6.128, 6.1287.38 
      building reflections, 6.126
      car windshield, 6.129
      Haidinger's brush (visual effect of polarized light), 7.39
      human detection of, 7.39
      insect detection of, 6.126, 7.38
      print ink, 6.160
      skylight
            appearance of path in clouds, 6.127
            production, 6.127
            Viking navigation, 6.127
Polarizing sunglasses
       disappearing puddle, 6.126
       eliminating glare, 6.126, 6.126
      
smog and disappearing mountains, 6.139
       stress spots on car rear window, 6.129

Polar route, radiation exposure in airplanes traveling in, 7.46
Pole climbing, 1.264
Pole vaulting, 1.26

Police whistle, 3.3
Pollination by bees, electrical effects, 5.32

Pond, physics at a
       archer fish, 6.85
       bullfrog croaking through its eardrums, 3.11
       cricket chirps, 3.12
       ducks stay dry, 2.97
       duck wake pattern, 2.68
       helicopter seeds, 2.11, 2.11
       shadows in water, 6.99
       water striders, 2.85, 2.85, 2.169
Ponytail shapes, hair interactions determines shapes, 1.245
Pool shots, 1.74

Pop can stability, shaky airplane or train ride, 1.149
Popcorn 
       cell phone heating (fake video), 4.101
       superheating and explosion, 4.48, 4.49
Popped rice, physics very different from popcorn, 4.49
Porpoise, bow-wave riding for a free ride, 2.70, 2.70

Positive afterimage, 7.15
Positive strike, lightning, more rate than negative strike, 5.4
Posphor gun sights and quark transitions, 6.161
Potassium-40, isotope in banana and potato, 4.101
Potato, radioactive potassium exposure, 4.101
Potato stickers (nails), cooking with, 4.64

Pottery, water cooling by evaporation, 4.61

Pouring 
       art (Holton Rower poured art), 2.188
       beer boot, 2.120
       Boyle's perpetual motion device, 2.195
       fast, airline pouring, 2.194
       Guinness, 2.76, 2.76
       glug-glug, 2.120, 2.120
       gushing, 2.76, 2.76
       liquid stream bouncing, 2.60, 2.60
       rainbow, alcoholic layers, 2.187
       ribboning, 2.62
       smooth (fake video), 2.75
       tea, standing on rotating platform, 1.242
       teapot effect, 2.51
       water onto car, crushing car, 2.191
       yard of ale, 2.120, 2.120
Powder patterns, 2.141

Powders
        electrical effects, 5.11, 5.11, 5.12, 5.18, 5.29 
        explosions, 5.11, 5.11
        lack of color, 6.130
        oscillating, 2.108
        razorbacks, Martian, 5.53
Power lines
        AC versus DC argument, 5.22, 5.22
        repairing live lines, 5.22, 5.22
P
ower outage, solar effects, 5.47

Powers of Ten --- the video, 6.163
Prairie dog home, ventilation, 2.22

Prank
        beer bottle tapping, gushing, 2.76
        chair jerked away, 1.166
        dead-cat bomb, 4.31
        gyroscope in suitcase, 1.105
Precariously balancing
        bus on cliff edge, 1.216
        chair on cliff edge, 1.239
        rocks and an area's history of earthquakes, 1.125

Precession of top, 1.104

Precious stones
       Alexandrite effect, color shift with change in lighting,
6.96
       diamonds, sparkle ruined by grime on the bottom 6.94
       nacre,  iridescent and luster due to optical interference, 6.116
       opals, colors due to diffraction, 6.95, 6.95
       pearls, iridescent and luster due to optical interference, 6.116
       star sapphire illusion, 6.93, 6.93
Pressure regulator on pressure cooker,
1.171

Pressure within airplanes, ear pressure, opening fluid containers, 4.69

Pressure, negative, lifting water through a tree, 2.136
Prisoner's cinema (phosphenes), 7.7
Projecticles
       archer fish, 6.85
       baseball aerodynamics, 2.16
       basketball shots, 1.33
       car long jumps, 1.81
       catching flyball, 1.21
       football spin for long pass, 1.112
       golf ball flight, 1.36
       human cannonball, 1.32
       long jump, track and field sports, 1.38, 1.38
       lucky shots, 1.228
       motorcycle long jumps, 1.81
       record free throw, 1.34
       rocks ejected from meteor strike, 1.37
       ski jump, 2.7, 2.7
Prommel, sword physics, 1.198
Pub physics
      Also see Beer and Champagne
      1000 drops from an empty bottle, 2.167
      balancing a coin on a folded paper edge, 1.91
      balancing a hammer and a lorry, 1.217
      balancing bottle on knives, 1.239
      balancing pins on rim of drinking glass, 1.239
      beer spots in bottle caps, 2.190
      beer can crushing, 1.229
      beer cooling, 4.61
      beer mug wall illusion inflates amount of beer, 6.136, 7.52
      blowing out a candle, 2.50
      bottle cap, beer spots, 2.190
      bottle cap into bottle, 2.180      
      bottle self-righting, 1.106
      bottle tapping prank, dramatic gushing, 2.76
      bottle wobbling, 1.110
      Brazil-nut effect, 2.1082.108
      burnt wood match, 4.105
      business card hole, 1.251
      can stuck to hand, 2.120
      champagne cork as a morter round, 1.225
      champagne, raisin 2.177
      coin balancing, 1.239
      coin through small opening, 1.246
      coin, wobbling, 1.110
      collecting grains of black pepper, 2.150
      cooling beer, 4.61
      currency balancing on one finger, 1.239
      egg tricks, 2.176, 1.138
      egg spin, behavior, fresh versus hard boiled, 1.107, 1.107
              video of me, Cleveland State University      
      electric dipole, deflection of water stream, 5.57
      escaping from a cellophane pocket, 2.162
      evaporating wine, 2.193   
      evaporative cooling, 4.61
      exchanging water and whiskey, 2.120
      fast pouring, 2.194
      fluorescence of gin and tonic, 5.19
      glug-glug clearing of foam, 2.120
      Guinness downward moving bubbles, 2.76, 2.76
            video of me, The Daily Planet show
      Guinness widget, gas release, 2.76
      hand twist rod inversion, 1.256
      hanging a bottle on the wall, 1.221
      hanging bottle caps and spoons on your face, 1.57
            video of me, Cleveland State University
      height versus circumference, 1.248
      hole in hand illusion, 7.55
      how water can hide a coin, 6.84
      inflating a long bag, 2.174
      inverted can of Red Bull, 2.120
      inverted glass of water, 2.120, 2.120
      inverted glass, wine rising into, 4.108  
      leaping match, 1.265
      lifting a bottle with thumb and one finger, 1.57
      lifting a glass from a table wet with whiskey, 2.157
      lifting rice with a rod, 2.125
             video of me, The Daily Planet show
      lifting shot glass with palm, 4.104 
      lighting a candle, 4.78     
      liquid origami, 2.170
      making a coin rattle, 4.103      
      making a ketchup packet float and dive, 2.172
      making straw paper stretch and crawl, 2.171      
      martini, olive swirling in, 2.25
      matchstick rocket, 1.168
      moving match sticks on a glass rim, 3.43
      mug wall thickness, illusion of beer volume, 6.1367.52
      oil blobs in water, 2.178
      olive in martini, 2.25
      opening a beer bottle without a bottle opener, 1.262
      opening a wine bottle without a corkscrew, 1.269
      optically reversing arrows, 6.168
      ouzo effect, 6.113, 6.113 
      paper clip linking, 1.252
      pencil through plastic water bag, 2.179      
      pepper and salt, electrostatic separation, 5.60
      pins in water, 2.192
      plastic straw, popping, 3.93
      pop can stability, 1.149
      pouring a rainbow, of colored liquids, 2.187
      rainbow, pouring, colored liquids, 2.187
      raisin, champagne, 2.177
      removing a bill from between balanced bottles, 1.164
      removing a coin from under a mug, 1.230
      removing a lighter from under a bottle, 1.164
      removing the cork from a wine bottle, 1.213
      reversing an egg in a tequila glass, 2.50
      rotating a matchstick balanced within a glass container, 5.8
      salt and pepper, electrostatic separation, 5.60
      self-righting bottle, 1.106
      separating two pub glasses, 2.183     
      shoe used to open wine bottle, 2.196
      shot glass pick up with palm, 4.110
      slam-freezing a beer or soda, 4.24
      spaghetti effect, 1.122
             video of me, The Daily Planet show
      spoon flipping into mug, 1.271
      standing eggs on end,  1.138, 1.138
      straw picking up a glass, 1.234 
      straw, sucking through a long, 2.41
      styrofoam cups, 5.8
      table wobble, 1.268
      tapping bottle prank, dramatic gushing, 2.76
      thermal stress to open wine bottle, 4.113
      Tia Maria wormy action, 2.89
      tonic water fluorescence, 5.19
      toothpick, one passing through another, 1.251
      toothpick design with water, 2.170
      transferring a steel ball between beer mats, 1.232 
      tying a ring hitch, 1.223
      using glug-glug to clear beer foam, 2.120
      vortex beer bottle, 2.168
      water and the disappearing cigarette, 1.57
      water from nowhere, 6.166
      water stream electrostatic deflection, 5.57
      wine, evaporation patterns, 2.193
      wineglass, musical, 3.43, 3.43
              video of me, Cleveland State University
      wobbling coin or bottle, 1.110
      yard of ale and beer boot, how to drink from, 2.120, 2.120
Pulfrich illusion of depth with motion, 7.23
Pumpkins
       optics of Halloween, 6.157
       parachuting, 1.158
Pupil diameter, 7.28, 7.28
Purkinje’s blue arcs, visual, 7.44
Purple light, twilight, 6.145
Purring
        animals, 3.8
        stroboscopic effect due to eye oscillations, 7.8
Putting in golf,
        escape from hole ("golfer's dilemma"), 1.36
        sounds, 3.83
Putt-putt boats (toys), 4.52, 4.52
        video of me, The Daily Planet show
Putt-putt golf, 1.75
Puzzle
        diffracted alphabet, 6.155
        floating orientation of bars and open containers, 2.44
        hinged mirrors, 6.156
        lead bar in boat floating in a pool, 2.43
        mirror maze, 6.66, 6.66
        water and block, 2.164
Pyke, Geoffrey, plans for iceberg aircraft carrier, 2.160
Pykrete, 2.160
Pyramid
        Egyptian, construction, 1.64
        Mayan, echo, 3.65, 3.65
Q

Quantum physics, magnetism, 5.43
Quicksand
         grain, 2.104
         sand, 2.102, 2.102
               video of me, Newton's Apple show
Quiet zones near explosions, 
3.18
Quarks, 6.161
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