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Flying circus of physics

Index B

Thursday, December 04, 2008

Index B

Extended Index

The Flying Circus of Physics,

second edition


red number --- takes you to an archived story here at this web site,
complete with video links and journal citations. Once there, scroll
down or use Ctrl-F to search. 
   

blue number--- takes you to a PDF file of support material (video
links and journal citations) for the stories published in the book.
Once there, scroll down or use Ctrl-F to search. 

B

Backdraft in a room fire, 4.79
Backpacks on bungee cords, 1.196
Bacteria and electric field, 5.8, 5.8

Bacteria and surgery, 5.31
Baked Alaska, desert, 4.98
Balancing
       baseball bat,
1.239
       bicycle, 1.239
       blocks, 1.66
       bottle on cigarette lighter, 1.164
       bottle on knives, 1.239
       bowling balls, 1.201
       bricks on head, by tossing them up onto the top,
1.239
       building, 1.204
       building cranes, 1.206
       bus on cliff edge, The Italian Job movie, 1.216
       car and train surfing, 1.199
       chair on cliff edge, 1.239
       climbing stairs on your head, 1.254
       coin on folded paper edge, pub trick,
1.91       
       coins,
1.239
       Chinese totems, huge loads on three-wheeled cycle, 1.239
       currency balanced on one finger, 1.239
       dominoes and domino amplifier, 1.681.68
       donkey, dangling from cart, rather sad, 1.229
       eggs standing on end, 1.138, 1.138
       hammer, 1.217
       lorry on cliff edge, The Italian Job movie (original one), 1.216
       rocks, precariously balanced and earthquakes, 1.125
       rods, circus act, 
1.238
       safety pins on rim of drinking glass, 1.239
       stones and bowling balls,
1.201
       strong wind, standing and walking, 1.227
       table wobble, how to fix with a rotation, 1.268
       toys,
1.239
       truck turning, 1.239
       two-finger handstand, 1.239
       unicycle, 1.116
Ball bouncing,
       adjacent pendulum balls, 1.42
       baseball on top of basketball, chain collision, 1.43
       racquetball shots (Z-shot), 1.77
       Super Ball tricks, 1.76,
1.76
       zing echo, 3.77
Ballet
       grand jete (hanging in the air), 1.35
       tour jete and fouette turn, 1.100
Ball suspended in air stream,
2.144, 2.144

Ballistospore fungi catapult, 2.99
Ball lightning, 5.5, 5.5

Ball of Death, circus act, 1.211
Balloons
        ascent, 2.56
        buoyancy motion in turning car, 2.131
        bursting, 1.212 
        inflating, 4.70
        in air stream, 2.144
        
flying in a lawn chair, 2.56, 2.56
Ballpoint pen ink viscosity behavior, 2.58
Banana, radioactive potassium, 4.101
Bar at the Folies-Bergère, strange reflection from mirror, 6.75, 6.75
Barchan sand dunes,  migration and mergence process, 2.111

Barroom physics, see Pub physics
Bartell, Scott, Alexander the Great body armor, 1.130
Baseball,
        aerodynamics, 2.16
        baseball and basketball falling together,
1.43
        catching fly ball, 1.21
        ball dropped from great height, 1.22
        hitting a baseball, 1.23
        humidifying, Denver team's practice of, 1.23
        seeing the ball in flight, 7.9

Basilisk lizard, 2.42, 2.58, 6.89

Basketball,
         baseball and basketball falling together,
1.43
         free throw, 1.33, 1.33, 1.34
         hang time in a jump, 
1.35,
         spin, use of, 1.228

Bathroom, physics in a
         bathtub optics, 6.85
         breath figures on misty mirror, 2.92
         circular pattern around falling water stream, 2.29
         colored rings in misty mirror, 6.110
         electric field in toilet stall, 5.52
         electrostatic charging by splashing, 5.13
         eyeglass condensation, 4.66
         flatulence, production of the noise, 3.89, 3.93
         hydraulic jump (shock wave) in sink, 2.29
         mirror
                 apparent left-right reversal, 6.60
                 breath figures and wetting, 2.92
                 color rings in foggy mirror, 6.170
                 fogging process, 4.65
         nude-in-the-shower effect, 6.88
         plumbing rumbling, cavitation resonance, 3.47
        
razor blade reflections, shiny turns dark, 6.69
         sausage shadow effect, 6.99
         shadows in the water, 6.99
         shampoo stream bounce, 2.60, 2.60
         shaver cuttings on water, motion when surface tension changed, 2.150
         shaving with twin blades, 1.193
         shower curtain, flutter, 2.21
                 video of me, The Daily Planet show
         shower-door optics, nude-in-the-shower effect, 6.88, 6.90
         shower singing, 3.67
         splashing sounds, 3.87
         steam devils, 2.39
         tearing toilet paper, 1.93
         toilet functioning, 2.41
         toilet stall electric field, 5.52, 5.52
         towel popping sounds, 3.59
         viewing through water surface, 6.85
         vortex, bathtub, 2.23
              scam of apparent reversal at equator, 2.23
         water bells in a water stream, 2.101
         wet towel popping, 3.59
Bats, detection by
          acoustic mirror effect, 3.24
          flower acts as retroreflector, 3.25
          insect, Doppler shift, 3.24, 3.24
B
attery
          bounce and remaining energy, 5.63
          lemon, 5.27

Bay of Fundy tides, 2.34

Beach physics
          conch shell sounds, 3.36
          cusps, 2.72

          footstep fill with water
, 2.102
          harbor waves diffraction, 2.165
          reflection glitter, 6.39
          sand bar reflections, 2.132
          sandcastles, 2.86
          sand formations around beach stones, 2.112
          sand squeaking, 3.69
          sand wetness, 2.102

          scarps, 2.86
          shorebirds prey harvesting with surface tension, 2.83
          stone skipping, 1.94, 1.94
          surfing, 2.69, 2.69
          surf skimmer, 2.130
          UV exposure, wet versus dry tee shirt, 6.866.159
          waves through small opening, diffraction, 2.66
          waves turning toward shore, refraction, 2.65
Bead lightning, 5.5

Beading
         drops on hot skillet, 4.5
         saliva threads, 2.81
         spider web capture threads, 2.81
         welding, 2.81

Beamon, Bob, record long jump, 1.38

Beano stick (toy), 1.161
Beanstalk to space (skyhook), 1.137

Béarnaise sauce, 5.37

Beating of penguin sounds, 3.15

Beatles
        Blue Meanies, perception effects in The Yellow Submarine movie,
7.22

        Paul is Dead rumor in reversed music, 3.86
Bed of nails, lying on, 1.56, 1.56
        video of me, The Tonight Show

Bedouins, black robes in hot desert, cooling effect, 4.59
Bedroom
      snoring, 3.7
      visual effect upon waking,
7.4
Beer, see also Pub physics
        beer boot, 2.120
        beer spots on bottle caps, 2.190 
        Brazil nut effect in beer, 2.108
        bubble paths,
2.123
        bubbles,
2.76,  2.76
        can, crushed,
1.229 
        cooling by water evaporation, 4.61
4.61
        fast pouring, 2.194
        fizzing sounds, 3.84
        foam, 2.77,
        foam clearing with glug-glug, 2.120
        freezing,
4.24, 4.24
        glass, visual illusion of beer amount, 6.136, 7.52
        Guinness bubbles moving downward, 2.76, 2.76
               video of me
        Guinness widget, 2.76
        glug-glug, 2.120, 2.120
        gushing, 2.76, 2.76
        Miller Lite vortex bottle, 2.168
        prank, tapping causing eruption, 2.76 
        sloshing, effect of foam head, 2.199
        yard-of-ale,
2.120, 2.120
Bees,
        electrical effects in pollination, 5.32
        navigation by polarized sky light, 7.38
        thermal attack to kill invading hornet, 4.3, 4.3
        van Gogh's Sunflowers, attraction to the drawn flowers, 7.54
        vision, 7.54
Beetles
 
       bombardier, Coanda effect on the acid stream, 2.50, 2.50
        brilliant white due to internal filaments, 6.158
        click beetle leaping, 1.40
        fog basking, condensation on hydrophilic bumps, 4.67
        Hercules beetle, color shifting, 6.115
        opal coloration by optical interference, 6.95
        remote fire sensing by infrared detection, 4.2

        scarabeid, colors due to surface structures, 6.115
        tiger beetle, colors due to surface structure, 6.115
        whirl-a-gig colors, diffraction gratings, 6.115
Beever, Julian, sidewalk anamorphic art, 6.77
Bell
, Alexander Graham, magnetic search for lethal bullet, 5.41

Bell, cathedral, would not ring, 1.121

Belt of Venus, red or orange border to sunset dark patch, 6.14

Benard cells, circulation pattern in heated oil, 2.90

Bends, accents from deep dives, 2.52

Bergship, proposed World War II iceberg aircraft carrier, 2.160
Bergy seltzer, melting iceberg noise, 3.70
Bernoulli effect,
         ball floating in air stream, 2.144
         passing trains, 2.3
         reversing
egg, 
2.50
         upside down racing, 2.1
Berry, Michael, Christmas ornament reflections, pupil size, 7.28, 7.28
Beta emission, radioactive decay 
         bananas, 4.101
         gun sights, 6.161
Bicycle
          acrobatics, 1.239
          circus loop-the-loop acts, 1.20, 2.1
          riding and turning, 1.80
          rolling wheel blurry appearance, 1.247
Big Bertha, long range artillery, Coriolis effect, 1.136

Big-horn sheep 
         head-to-head collisions, 1.10
         rock climbing,
1.61

Billiard shots, 1.74

Birds
         droppings (poop)
                danger of electric flashover, 5.22
                surface tension of water, 2.98

         flight in vee formation, 2.18, 2.18
         flocks, 2.166
         spinning, 2.27
         shorebirds prey harvesting with surface tension, 2.83
         transmission lines
                electrocution, 5.22
                excretion and flashover, 2.98
Birefringence, 6.129
Bishop’s ring, solar ring due to volcano explosion, 6.9

Black and white cardboard, light absorption, 6.69
Blackouts, regional electrical, solar flares, induced current, 5.47
Black robes in desert, cooling effect, 4.59

Black velvet, optics, 6.131

Blind spot
        car mirrors, 6.74, 6.74
        vision, 7.3, 7.3

Blister effect, visual,7.27

Blizzards and whiteouts, 6.55
Block stacking, 1.66, 1.66, 1.68

Blood
         cells, seeing their motion in your eye, 7.4

         flow in snakes, giraffes, tall dinosaurs, 2.47
         pressure sounds during medical measurements, 3.49

         veins, why blue instead of red, 6.123
Blowguns, 1.244
Blue arcs, visual, 7.44

Blue Christmas light weakens faster with distance than red light, 6.17, 6.17
Blue jay, colors due to surface structure, 6.115

Blue Meanies, perception effects in The Yellow Submarine movie, 7.22

Blue moon, 6.50, 6.50 
Blue mountains, 6.6

Blue Oyster Cult, early laser scanning of audience, 6.164
Blue ribbon on sea horizon, 6.141

Blue skin, color change when skin is cold, 6.115, 6.122

Boats 
       drawn together, 2.128
       canal water level, 2.30, 2.30
       dead water, 2.352.35
      
 dry dock, 2.45
       lead bar in boat, puzzle, 2.43           
       sailboats, 2.161
       wakes, 2.68
Bobsleds, 1.155

Body armor
       cloth, Alexander the Great, 1.130
       fabric,  modern day, 1.130

       Japanese samurai horo, silk versus arrows, 1.130 
Boiling water ordeal, 4.88

Boiling water
        process, 4.43
        sounds, 3.51

Bolas, 1.30

Bomb, rotating, used in World War II, dam busters, 1.94, 1.94
Bombardier beetle, Coanda effect with acid spray, 2.502.50
Bond, James, movie, Oddjob sucked through airplane window, 2.158
Bonfire signaling, 4.76
Books and short stories 
        Alice in Wonderland, falling through Earth, 1.141
        A Slight Case of Sunstroke, Arthur C. Clarke, referee mirror death, 6.82
        The Desert of Ice, Jules Verne, ice lens, 6.93
        The Little Prince, gravitation, small planet, 1.157
        The Lord of the Flies, eyeglasses, starting fire, 6.93
        The Pendulum in the Pit, 1.115
        The Worst Hard Time, electric discharge, dust storm, 5.29
Book spinning, 1.96

Boomerang, 2.9

Booms
         from sand dunes, 3.69, 3.69
         
from sky, mysterious brontides, 3.57

Bore, tidal, 2.32

Bottle
         rocking and rolling, 1.110
         wobbling, 1.110
Bottle cap
         beer spots left on caps, 2.190
         stuck to face, 1.57
              Cleveland State University video of me
Bottle opening
         corkscrew substitute, 1.269
         opening with a shoe, 2.196
         prying open, 1.262
Bottle resonance,
         Blue Man group, 3.9
         dinosaur resonance, 3.9, 3.9
         tapping, buzzing, blowing, 3.41, 3.41
         whistlers, 3.77, 3.77

Bouncing
         ball, 1.76, 1.76
         liquid streams, 2.60

Bowling, 1.73

Bowling balls, stacking, 1.201
Bowling in game of cricket, 2.17
Bow-wave riding, porpoise, 2.70
Boxing, 1.46, 1.46

Boyle's perpetual motion machine, 1.261
Bragg scattering, acoustic, 3.86
Brain damage
         big-horn sheep head-to-head collisions, 1.10
         boxing, 1.46, 1.46
         football (soccer), 1.241
         woodpecker, 1.10
Braking, car, 1.5-1.9, 1.152
Brazil-nut effect, 2.108, 2.108
Breakfast physics
         acoustics, breakfast cereal, 3.53, 3.53
         cereal grain attraction (Cheerios effect), 2.85, 2.85
                video, homemade
         cereal magnetism, iron fortified cereals, 5.43, 5.43
         coffee
                appearance, 2.87
                cooling rates, 4.60
                drinking hot, 4.42
                heated in hot sand, 4.115
                patterns on surface, 2.90
                vortex when cold milk is added, 2.24
          coffee cup acoustics, frequency shifting, 3.40
          dunking of cookie or biscuit, the proper way, 2.95
          egg tricks
                 egg into and out of bottle, 2.176
                 reversing egg in tequila glass, 2.50
                 spinning hard-boiled and fresh eggs, 1.107, 1.107
           honey and yogurt draining patterns, 2.159
           liquid rope coils of honey, 2.62
           tea 
                  leaves gathering at center of stirred tea, 2.25
                  teapot effect of stream clinging to spout, 2.51
                            video of me, Daily Planet show
                  roll patterns in, 2.90
                  secondary flow, 2.25
                  teapot effect, stream doubling back on spout, 2.51
                  teapot, self-pouring, 2.198
                  teapot whistling, 3.3
                  tumbling toast, landing butter-side down, 1.99, 1.99
                      video of me, Daily Planet show
Bridge
          footbridge oscillation, 1.124, 1.124
          Golden Gate Bridge, flattened by pedestrians, 1.181
          I-95 bridge collapse, 1.71, 1.71
          Le Point Normandie, wind-induced cable oscillations, 2.129
          London Millennium Bridge, oscillations due to pedestrians, 1.124, 1.124
          Tacoma Narrows Bridge, collapse in moderate wind, 2.4, 2.4
Bright nights, 6.148

Brightness of wet materials, 6.52
Brontides,  mysterious booming from the sky, 3.57

Brownian motion, speckle in thin milk layer, 6.124
Brush fires, 4.81

Brush, wet,  capillary force, 2.95

Buchanan, M., honey and yogurt draining pattern, 2.159
Bubbles
        antibubbles, 2.124
        bubble nets and whales, 2.79

        bubble trains, beer, champagne, 2.76, 2.76
        bursting, 2.78
        champagne drinking in tunnel, complications upon emerging, 4.72
        foam
             color, 6.130
             formation, 2.77
        Guinness bubbles downward motion, 2.76, 2.76
              video of me
        paths, 2.123 

        soap, 2.77, 2.122

        sounds, 3.84
Buildings
        Also see Architecture
        aerodynamics, 2.5
        cranes, construction, falling over, 1.206
        demolition, 1.24
        falling over, 1.204
        mass dampers to stop swaying, 1.133, 1.133
        oscillating, 1.133, 1.133

        polarization, windows, insects, 6.126
        temperature regulation, clever methods, 4.83
        wind tower, 4.83
        World Trade Center collapse, 1.48
Bull riding, 1.92

Bullet
         backsplatter,
1.146, 1.146
         block, shot into, 1.267 
         shot upward, danger of,
1.112, 1.112
         shooting along a slope, 1.174
         spinning on ice, 1.235
Bullfrog croaking through its eardrums, 3.11

Bull riding, 1.92, 1.92
Bullroarer, sounds, 3.81

Bullwhips, sounds, sonic boom, 3.59

Bungee jumping, 1.52

Bunk bed death, 1.260
Buoyancy,
         beer cans, food containers, puzzle, 2.44
         hurricane, buoyancy damage to bridges and buildings, 2.156
         lead bar in a boat, puzzle, 2.43
         stomach stones to help dinosaurs and crocodiles float, 2.49
         turning car, 2.131

Burning 
        Archimedes mirrors, 6.81
        candle trick, 4.78
        football referee, Arthur C. Clarke story, 6.82
        orange (fake video), 4.107
        tunnel fire, 4.95       
Burnt rocks and Earth's magnetic field, 5.51
Bursting balloon in slow motion, wavy contraction, 1.212
Bus, balanced on cliff edge, The Italian Job movie, 1.216
Butterflies
        colors due to surface structure and optical interference, 6.115
        eyes, 6.117, 6.117


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