skip to content

Flying circus of physics

Index F

Thursday, December 04, 2008

Index F

red number --- takes you to an archived story here at this web site, complete with video links and journal citations. Once there, scroll down or use Ctrl-F to search.

blue number --- takes you to a PDF file of support material (video links and journal citations) for the stories published in the book. Once there, scroll down or use Ctrl-F to search.

F

Fabric
        body armor of Alexander the Great, 1.130       
        Kelvar, 1.130
        velvet, optics of
              black velvet gloss, 6.131
              green turns to red, 6.132
Fake videos,
        catching a melon with your face, 
2.169
        cell phones popping popcorn, 4.101
        free standing water, 2.181   
        jumping out a beach, 1.235
        liquid mountaineering, 2.169
        Nike football commercial, 1.78
        riding fire extinguisher, 1.168
        setting an orange on fire, 4.107
        smooth pouring, 2.75
Falkland Islands
battle, 1.136
Falling
        airplane, falls from, 
1.49
        bungee diving, 1.52
        faster than g, 
1.240
        cats, surviving long falls, 1.51 1.51   
        elevator  (lift) falling, 1.53, 1.54
        judo and aikido, 1.55
        LaMonthe dive into shallow water, 
1.49
        long fall survival, 1.49
             video of me, my first video effort
        Niagara Falls, going over,
1.195
        parachute
             landing, 1.55
             rescue in midair, 1.50
        rock in very deep hole,
1.255
        slinky, 1.249
        through Earth's center, 1.141, 1.141
Farm and ranch
        cow magnet, 5.43
        cow tipping, 1.266
        ducks stay dry, 2.97
        prairie dog burrow ventilation, 2.22
        silo quaking and honking, 2.38
        sound of corn growing, 3.75
        tumbleweed attack, 2.186
        waves on grain and tall grass, 6.45
Fata Morgana, large-scale mirage, 
6.30
Feathers
        nonwetting, 2.97
        optics, 6.115
Feline high-rise syndrome, 1.51, 1.51
Fence-behind-fence moire pattern, 7.12
Ferns, iridescent, 6.118
Ferris wheel, 1.19

Ferromagnetic materials, 5.49, 5.51
Feynman, Richard, dry spaghetti strand breaking into three pieces, 1.220
Fighting
         see War
         see Weapons
         aikido, 1.55, 1.111
         boxing, 1.46, 1.46
         judo, 1.55, 1.111, 1.24
                video of me, Newton's Apple show
                video, calculations
         one-inch punch, 1.45
         swords, 1.198
         tae-kwon-do and karate, 1.45, 1.45
                video, calculations
Fillings, dental
         thermal expansion and contraction, 4.53
         tingling with aluminum foil, 5.27

Filling station fire, 5.9, 5.9
Fingernail
          cracking,
1.144
          scraping on chalkboard (stick and slip), 3.42
                 video, demonstration of the sound
          speckle pattern, optical, 6.124
Finger sliding beneath stick, center of mass trick, 1.172, 1.172
Fire walking, 4.8, 4.9

Fire, by sparking, 5.9, 5.11

Fireballs, sounds, 3.80

Fire devils, 4.82
Fireplaces, 4.77

Fire
       aerosol flames, 5.12
       balls, sounds, 3.80
       backdraft, 4.79 
       brush fire, 4.81
       candle flame (colors, soot), 4.78
       car,
5.9, 5.9
       coal fire and magnetic field, 5.51
       cooking-oil, 4.80

       crown fire, 4.81
       devils, whirlwinds of fire, 4.82, 4.82
       Dresden fire vortex, World War II, 4.82
       electrostatic sparks causing fire, 5.9
       eyeglasses starting fire (Lord of the Flies book), 6.93
       fireplace, 4.75, 4.77
       firestorm, 4.82
       forest fire, 4.81
       ice lens starting, 6.93
       mushroom cloud, 4.76
       powder explosion, 5.11
       row vortex, 2.138
       smoke signals, 4.76
       spraying, 4.79

       spreading, 4.8
       tunnel, 4.95
       walking on hot coals, 4.8, 4.9
Fire extinguisher ride (fake video),
1.168
Fireplaces, 4.77
Firestorm, 4.82

Fire walking (walking on hot coals), 4.8, 4.9
Fireworks illusion, 7.49, 7.49
Firnspiegel, 6.54
First date, physics for a
       candle flame, 4.78, 4.78
       caustics from glass of wine, 6.98
       coffee patterns, 2.90
       coffee stain patterns, 2.91, 2.91
       dance floor oscillations, 1.124
       eyes, color of, 6.122
       ghost light illusion, 7.16
       glow in the dark
              chewing wintergreen mint, 5.19, 5.19
              peeling adhesive tape, 5.17
       hanging spoons or bottle caps from the face, 1.57, 1.57
       looking at the ceiling, illusion of being a floor, 7.50
       miniature golf, 1.75
       moonbows, 6.2
       reading in the dark,  7.157.15
       spaghetti effect, 1.122, 1.122
               video of me, The Daily Planet show
       teapot effect, 2.51
       Twinkies, glowing in UV light, 6.134
Fish
        Anableps anableps,  seeing in air and water simultaneously, 7.19
        archer fish, 6.85
        electric fish, 5.28

        fishermean seeing a fish, 6.84, 6.126

        fish seeing fisherman, 6.85 
        lens, 7.19
Fishing, 1.135, 1.159

Fizzing of bubbles, 3.84
Flag fluttering, 2.117

Flames, candle
         colors, 4.78
         glow around, 7.6

Flash freezing, 4.16, 4.16
Flashovers
        electrical, 5.22
        fires, 4.79
Flatulence noise, 3.89
3.93
Flea circus, 1.200
Flettner’s ship, propulsion by rotating vertical cylinders, 2.145

Flight 1549 landing on the Hudson River,
1.218
Floaters, visual, 7.5, 7.5

Floating
       orientation of container gradually filled with water, 2.44
       orientation of floating bar, stable and unstable, 2.44
       puzzle, lead bar in floating boat, 2.43
       ship in dry dock, 2.45
       water striders, 2.80, 2.85, 2.169
Flocking, bird, 2.166
Floor, physics to do on a, 7.50

Flowers
       bees and Van Gogh painting, 7.54
       color saturation, 6.120
       detection by bat (acoustic mirror effect), 3.25, 3.25
       greenhouse warmth, 4.84, 4.84
Fluorescence 
       colors under fluorescent lights, 6.125
       laundry brightener, 6.137
       tonic water, 5.19, 5.19
       wintergreen mints, 5.19, 5.19

Flute, 3.3
Fluttering 
        bridge, 2.4, 2.4
        flags, 2.117
        fountains, 2.118

Fly
      adhesion, 5.35
      in shock wave, 2.185
Fly ball, catching, baseball,
1.21

Flycasting, fishing, 1.135

Flying 
      birds
           flocking, 2.166
           vee formation, 2.18, 2.18
      lawn chairs strapped to helium balloons, 2.56, 2.56
      plastic rings, 5.59
Foam, lack of color, 6.130

Foehn,  wind warmed by increased air pressure, 4.87

Fog basking by beetles, 4.67
Fog, champagne and soda when opened, 4.24
Fog devils, 2.39

Fog lights, 6.51

Foghorns, diffraction of sound, 3.21

Folding paper, limit of, 1.145, 1.145
Food
      See also Beer
      apples
             optical speckle, 6.124
             pressure distribution beneath a pile, 2.140
             sound of fresh versus mealy when bitten, 3.52
      baked Alaska,
4.98
      banana, radioactive potassium, 4.101
      béarnaise sauce, 5.37
      Brazil nut effect, 2.108,
2.108
      butter, viscosity behavior, 2.58
      cake baking at high altitude, 4.71
      campfire cooking, 4.46
      catchup
              flow, viscosity behavior, 2.58
              packet as Cartesian diver, 2.172 
      cereal sound, 3.53, 3.53
      Cheerios effect, 2.85,
2.85
              video, demonstration
      chicken, campfire cooking, 4.46
      chicken fat oscillator, 2.154
      churning ice cream, 4.41
      coffee 
             bad coffee appearance, 2.87
             cooling rates, 4.60
             cup vortex, 2.24
             drinking hot, 4.42
             evaporation pattern, 2.91
             Middle Eastern, 2.91
             mug acoustics, 3.40
                    video of me, Cleveland State University
             patterns on surface, 2.90
             percolators, 4.51              
             stain rings, 2.91,
2.91
      cookie dunking, proper way, 2.95
      cooking
             in a stove or over flames, 4.45
             on coals, 4.46
             on hot sidewalk or dashboard, 4.97
      cornstarch
             oscillation behavior, 2.58
             polygonal fracturing, 1.143
             viscosity behavior, 2.58, 2.58, 4.99
             walking across, 2.58
      crushing sounds (tortilla chip), 3.52
      egg 
              béarnaise sauce, 5.37
              behavior, fresh versus hard-boiled, 1.107, 1.107
              boiling, 4.44
              bottle pub trick, 2.176
              cooking on hot sidewalk, hot dashboard,
4.97
              cooking on stove, 4.45, 4.46
              flipping in tequila glass, pub trick, 2.50
              meringue formation, 5.36
              peeling, 2.176
              scrambled,
4.50
              spinning, 1.107, 1.107
                     video of me, Cleveland State University           
              standing on end, 1.138, 1.138

              water climbing the sides, 2.28
       foam color, 6.130
       frozen Florida, desert,
4.98
       fruit, musical, 3.91
       herbs, used in spark patterns, 5.18
       honey 
             draining patters,
2.159
             rope-coiling of stream, 2.62
       hot chocolate effect, 3.40
       ice cream, home made,  churning, role of salt on the ice, 4.41
       ketchup
               flow, viscosity, 2.58
               packet as Cartesian diver,
2.172
       lemon battery, 5.27
       meat, colors
               cooking, 4.45
               in store,
6.135
       meringue
               formation,  molecular bonds, air bubbles, water separation, copper bowl, 5.36
               insulation in baked Alaska and frozen Florida desserts,
4.98
       microwave,
               frozen foods, 4.11,
4.11
               heating and exploding, 4.48, 4.48
       milk optical properties
               clear band outlining shallow milk, 6.61
               colors with milk drops in water, 6.111
               kinetic speckle in shallow milk, 6.124
       Nestea granular behavior, 2.106
       orange on fire (fake video),
4.107
       parsley used in spark patterns, 5.18
       peanuts, Brazil nut effect, 2.108, 2.108
       pepper grains and surface tension,
2.150
       pie, 5.36
       pizza
              cooking, 4.47
              eating hot, 4.42
              tossing,
1.222
        plastic wrap, electrical effects, 5.34
        popcorn
              cell phones heating (fake video),
4.101
              popping, 4.49       
        popped rice, Asiatic street food,
4.49
        potato
              cooking nails and heat pipes, 4.64
              deep fried, oil absorption, 2.96
        raisin trick, 2.177
        rice, lifting with rod, 2.125,
2.125
              video of me, The Daily Planet show
        rosemary used in spark patterns, 5.18
        sage used in spark patterns, 5.18
        salt layer, why nontransparent, 6.130
        sauce béarnaise, 5.37
        sandwich bag trick,
2.174
        soda
                freezing, 4.24
                gushing and bubbles, 2.76, 2.76
        sound
                biting tortilla chips and apples, 3.52
                cereal (Rice Krispies), 3.53,
3.53
        soup reversal after stirring, 2.59
        spaghetti 
                breaking,
1.220
                slurping and slinging, 1.122, 1.122
                       video of me, The Daily Planet show
       Tang breakfast drink, granular behavior, 2.106
        tea
                leaves collecting at cup's center, 2.25
                pouring on rotating platform (Coriolis effect), 1.242
                roll patterns, 2.90
                secondary flow, 2.25
        thyme used in spark patterns, 5.18
        Tia Maria wormy action, 2.89, 2.89
         toast, tumbling to be jam-side down, 1.99, 1.99
         tomato, optical speckle on surface, 6.124
         tonic water glow, 5.19
         tortilla sounds, fresh versus old, 3.52
         turkey, deep-fat frying, 4.80,
4.80
         Twinkies in UV light, 6.134
         vegetables, musical, 3.91
         whiskey trick,
2.157
         wine,
                 evaporation pattern, 2.193
                 tears above strong alcohol, 2.88
         wintergreen Lifesavers glow, 5.19
         yogurt (yoghurt) draining pattern, 2.159
Football (American), 
         cheerleader horn,
3.21
         field goal kick, controversial, 1.77
         Marshawn Lynch running through defenders, 1.275
         spin on long pass, 1.112

         wave, stadium,
1.129
Football (soccer),
         banana kick, curved flight, 2.142.14
         Clarke, Arthur C., referee story, 6.82
         goal, bounce back, controversial, 1.78
         header and brain damage, 1.241
         Roanaldinho fake video, 1.78
         throw-in, angle, 1.162
         throw-in, longest, 1.228
         wave, stadium, 1.129
Forest
 
       Aspen tree leaf colors, 6.121
         fires
                row vortex, 2.138

                spreading, 4.81
         negative pressure in trees to lift water, 2.136
         pine needle music, 3.2
         seeds that spin, 2.11, 2.11
         sounds transmission, frequency dependence, 3.2

         tree oscillations in wind, 1.132
Formats, vocal tract resonance, 3.3
Fosbury flop, high jump,
1.38,
1.38

Fountains
        fluttering, 2.118
        pulsating, 2.119

Fracture
        balloon,
1.212
        drill bit, 1.179
        fingernail, 1.144
        pencil point, 1.70
        polygonal patterns at Giant's Causeway, 1.143, 1.143 
Franklin, Benjamin, 
        glass harmonica, 
3.43
        kite myth, 5.2
        lightning rod, 5.7
        oil and waves, 2.732.73
        phosphene displays, 7.7
Free diving (no air supply), 2.54

Freezing
         See also Ice
         by the sky, 4.13

         carbonated drinks sudden, 4.24, 
4.24
         flash, 4.16, 4.16
         hot water thrown into very cold air, 4.16, 4.16
         ice cream, churning homemade, 4.41
         ice cubes, 4.21
         ice spikes, 4.21
         nucleating agent, 4.10
         pointy ice drops, 4.20
         ponds and lakes, 4.23
         prevention of orchard freezing by water spraying, 4.15
         rate, warm versus hot,
4.12, 4.12
         salting effect, 4.40
         supercooled water, 4.10
Fresnel focusing by a ball, 6.151,
6.151

Friction
        cars
              minimum trailing distance, 1.4
              on ice, 1.202
              stopping for yellow light or running through it, 1.5
        Death Valley sliding rocks, 1.58
        fingers sliding under meter stick, 1.172, 1.172
        hanging spoons, bottle caps, 1.57, 1.57
        pole climbing, 1.264
        snake
                climbing wall, 1.243
                slithering, 1.233
        tablecloth pull, 1.164, 1.230
        welding, 4.112
Frog 
        brain cooling by evaporation from eyes, 4.61
        bullfrog croaking through eardrums, 3.11
        magnetically levitating, 5.48
        transparent, 6.90
        tree-cavity sounds, 3.13

Frost circles and danger of sinkholes, 4.96
Frost flowers, 6.129, 4.111

Frost heave, 4.27 – 4.29

Frostbite, 4.56

Frozen Florida, desert, 4.98
Fruit, musical, 3.91
Frying, 2.96, 4.80

Fuel fire, 5.9, 5.9
Fuller, sword, 1.198
Fulgurites, sand fused by lightning, 5.4
Fungus catapult of spores, 2.99

top of content